Fibromyalgia is a chronic disease that affects between 3 and 6% of the general population, mainly women.
Fibromyalgia is a chronic disorder characterized by generalized musculoskeletal pain accompanied by problems of fatigue, rigidity, disorders of dream, cognitive and memory problems and mood. All of this can interfere with a person's ability to carry out daily activities.
In general, fibromyalgia consists of a abnormal pain perception. The person who suffers it perceives as painful, stimuli that usually are not.
Most people are diagnosed during the middle age, although symptoms can often appear earlier. It affects both men and women, but for unknown reasons, between the 80- 90% of people diagnosed with fibromyalgia are women.
What Causes Fibromyalgia?
The causes of fibromyalgia they are unknown, but most likely it is caused by a combination of several factors.
There are people who develop the disease without an apparent cause and but others begin after:
- Event physically or emotionally stressful or traumatic, such as a car accident.
- Repetitive injuries.
- Spontaneous appearance.
- Problems with the functioning of the central nervous system in processing pain.
- Genes. It is speculated that people with this disease could have a gene or genes that make them respond in pain to certain stimuli, which for most people would not be painful.
How is fibromyalgia diagnosed?
Pain and fatigue, the main symptoms of fibromyalgia, are also associated with other diseases, so it is necessary to rule out other possible causes of these symptoms before diagnosing fibromyalgia.
Even if there is no proof diagnosis, the rheumatologist can diagnose the existence of fibromyalgia by means of an examination test that consists of checking for pain in 18 points concrete of the body. These 18 points aresore pressure points, and are located in various muscular areas of the body, mainly around the neck, elbow, knees and pelvis.
When the sore points are more than 11 out of 18 in a person with generalized pain, and after ruling out other diseases, the diagnosis of fibromyalgia can be made.
Sanz Velasco E et al. Physiotherapy (2005)
How is fibromyalgia treated?
Can be It is difficult to treat, although symptoms can be alleviated to improve quality of life. Exercise, relaxation measures, and stress reduction can also help.
There are also many alternative therapies, although there is no scientific evidence to support their effectiveness.
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